Leveraging Entrepreneurship in Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) as an Approach to Improving the Quality of Life of Rural Women in Egypt

  • Fawzia Abdeldayem Abdelfattah Youssef Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, College of Arts, University of Hail, Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia & Assistant Professor, Department of Working with communities and organizations Department, Faculty of Social Work, Helwan University, Egypt.


Entrepreneurship, Rural Women, Quality of Life, Empowerment..


This investigation aimed to examine the practical implementation of entrepreneurship within Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and its repercussions on enhancing the well-being of rural women in Egypt. Employing a descriptive analytical methodology, data were gathered from a sample encompassing six NGOs and 97 participants. The findings revealed that while most NGOs harbour ideas and initiatives for women's entrepreneurship, they encounter impediments such as insufficient resources and training. Noteworthy discoveries indicate that entrepreneurship contributes to augmenting the income of rural women, elevating family living standards, nurturing women's skills, broadening their social connections, and alleviating psychological burdens. Nevertheless, challenges such as unfavourable community perceptions of women's roles, deficient marketing capabilities, and a lack of external expertise constrain effectiveness. Crucial implications underscore the considerable positive impact of entrepreneurship on the quality of life for rural women, underscoring the necessity for comprehensive support to address the barriers they confront. The results accentuate the significance of tailored training and collaborative endeavours among NGOs, governmental bodies, and local communities to propel the advancement of entrepreneurship among rural women. Future research endeavours should delve into long-term impacts, integrate technological dimensions, employ comparative methodologies, scrutinize cultural influences, and assess various training models. The study advocates for the intensification of media campaigns promoting entrepreneurship projects for rural women, the appointment of entrepreneurship specialists within NGOs, the cultivation of an entrepreneurial culture and skills within rural communities, the augmentation of governmental and organizational support mechanisms, and the encouragement of NGOs to implement targeted entrepreneurial programs for the economic and social empowerment of rural women.

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