From Sand to Success: Exploring Sand Play Therapy as a Tool for Enhancing Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy and Career Adaptability

  • Jing Zhang School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Gelugor Pulau, Penang. Department of Education, Hengshui University, 053000 Hengshui, China.
  • Nurul Fazzuan Bin Khalid School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Gelugor Pulau, Penang.

Keywords:

Sand Play Therapy, Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy, Career Adaptability, Self-Regulation, Personality Traits..

Abstract

Career decision-making self-efficacy (CDMSE) and career adaptability are pivotal concepts in the realm of career development, influencing individuals' adeptness in navigating their professional trajectories. Sand play therapy (SPT) has emerged as a promising intervention, offering individuals a creative and non-verbal platform for self-expression, exploration, and introspection. However, the extent to which SPT enhances CDMSE and career adaptability remains relatively unexplored. This review paper seeks to investigate the impact of SPT on CDMSE and career adaptability, while also examining the mediating role of self-regulation and the moderating influence of personality traits in this dynamic. Through a systematic examination of 150 relevant research papers, this review identifies and analyses 55 papers to extract key insights and discern gaps in the existing literature. Previous studies have underscored the potential of SPT to bolster CDMSE and career adaptability across various demographic groups, spanning from children to adults. SPT interventions have been linked to enhancements in emotional expression, self-awareness, and problem-solving capabilities, thereby fostering greater confidence and clarity in career decision-making processes. Furthermore, investigations have delved into the mediating role of self-regulation and the moderating impact of personality traits in shaping the relationship between SPT and career-related outcomes. By synthesizing past research findings and pinpointing areas of knowledge deficiency, this review paper contributes to the existing literature, offering valuable insights for theoretical advancement, practical application, and future research endeavours in the realm of career counselling and intervention.

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